White spots on teeth are a common cosmetic dental issue. They are a form of acute discoloration called decalcification.
Most people experience the problem at some point in their life. These white spots can lead to tooth decay. Thus, it is vital to remove them as soon as possible.
Causes of White Spots on Teeth
Several factors can cause white spots on teeth, including poor dental hygiene, enamel hypoplasia, dental fluorosis, and demineralization.
Dental fluorosis often affects people who consumed excessive amounts of fluoride in their childhood. The condition is quite harmless and usually develops before the teeth erupt out of the gums.
Hypoplasia occurs when your teeth enamel doesn’t develop properly. It only happens during childhood when your teeth are still developing. Nonetheless, it can raise the risk of tooth decay.
The demineralization of teeth enamel occurs because of the accumulation of bacterial plaque on the teeth. It is often the result of poor dental hygiene. Adults and children who wear braces are more prone to demineralization.
You may also get white spots on your teeth if you consume excess amounts of acidic or sugary foods.
How To Treat White Spots on Teeth
You can only get rid of white spots on your teeth with the help of your dentist. There are several ways to eliminate these unpleasant spots:
Enamel micro-abrasion involves the use of tools, including a rotary mandrel and a rubber attachment, to remove white spots on teeth with minimal enamel loss.
Bleaching or whitening your teeth can help remove the unsightly little spots. Your dentist will typically use carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide to get rid of the spots. These bleaches work by breaking up the white spots into smaller stains, which make them less visible on your bright teeth.
Dental veneers are another effective way to remove white spots on teeth. These wafer-thin teeth coverings can conceal the unsightly spots and stains.
Your dentist will custom-make a veneer for your tooth shape and color. He’ll then bond it on the affected tooth using specialized tools to conceal the white spots and stains.